War

War is one of the oldest activities of human civilization. Archaeology finds ample evidence for battles during the early neolithic. The violence of hominid on hominid could be theorized to have occurred even in the paleolithic, when there was more than one species of humans on the planet.

In the modern world we study war as several disciplines. The anthropologist studies war as the behavior of tribal societies. The archaeologist studies the wars and battles of the ancient past. Historians study battles and wars in the written records of military history. Psychologist study the behavior of modern humans to understand the impulses and cost of organized violence. And the modern military study war as an everyday reality to defend the interest and sovereignty of their nation. All of this shows that war is a reality of the past and the present, and likely the future.

My own interest in war came from listening to war stories from older family members. I heard stories of both World Wars, the Korean War, and Vietnam. I was also told stories of family who had served in the American Civil War and the wars of the old West. Twenty years of service in the US military during both peacetime and war, only enhanced that interest. When mixed with a lifelong fascination with history, my interest has become a desire to approach the topic with a scholar’s scrutiny.

Jutland: Could the German High Seas Fleet Have Won?

In the afternoon of 31 May 1916, the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas fleet meet in the largest clash of big gun ships from the steel fleet era. The British hoped for a battle in the tradition of Trafalgar, while the Germans hoped to cripple major elements of the Grand Fleet. Admiral Scheer that day hoped to destroy a battlecruiser squadron under Admiral Beatty; he never expected to encounter the whole British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellicoe. The end result was a German tactical victory, but it did them little good on the strategic balance. The question is were there alternatives of a tactical or strategical nature that would have allowed the German’s to gain the strategic victory over the Grand fleet they needed to change the course of the war?

Crusades

For a thousand years, the Crusades had a deep impact upon Western Civilizations. There was the military and economic gain for Europe, but also long term cultural gains. The Crusades have also become a major aspect of centuries of fiction and inspiration.

The History of Archery in Warfare

One of the first projectile weapons invented by Humanity was the bow & arrow. Only the spear thrower and the sling created lethality out to the same range as the primitive bows. For most of its use in history the bow was an instrument for hunting, but some time in the mesolithic it was turned into an instrument of war. It remained one of the principle forms of missilry in conflict till the invention of firearms. Through that long era the bow took many forms, being invented by almost every culture and society on Earth, and always used in warfare.

The USS Constitution to the USS Olympia

Constitution, commissioned 21 Oct 1797, and USS Olympia, commissioned 5 Feb 1895; between them lay a century of growth for the US Navy. Both served the American Republic in battle and peace, yet the technology moved forward steadily. By comparing the two ships technology and history, drastic changes of history can be seen.

To Defend Civilization: Roman Wars Against the Barbarians from Gaius Marius to Flavius Aetius

From the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD, Rome fought to defend the territories she would conquer against tribal migrations of people. Throughout this six hundred year period she face constant pressure on her borders from tribes highly capable in battle. It took every resource of cunning and resolve for Rome to hold her ground, eventually failing but not without great successes along the way.

USS Constitution, then and now.

The first painting is Action between USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere, 19 August 1812, by Michel Felice Corne. The second picture is courtesy of the US Park Service, and shows the Constitution during the 2014 Independence Day celebrations at Boston Harbor....

Constitution and Olympia have the same roles

Many people will look at the USS Constitution and the USS Olympia and see nothing to compare or connect the two ships together. Both ships indeed bookmark the 19th Century for the United States Navy. Each ship also fulfilled similar roles in the Navy’s national...

Constitution restoration

Because of the historical importance of the USS Constitution, the United States Navy goes to great length to make her available to the public. As the symbolic and acting flagship for the US Navy, she is both a symbol and a great public relations for the sea service....

Constitution to Olympia – An Introduction

On the 21st of October in 1797 the heavy sailing frigate USS Constitution was named by President George Washington. As one of the authorized first six frigates built by the young Republic, the ship would go on to serve the US Navy through the first half of the 19th...